Etomidate propofol

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Cardioversion: What to choose? Etomidate or propofol

  1. g this perception are limited
  2. propofol group than in the etomidate group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Propofol did not induce prolongation of the QT interval and controlled the hemodynamic response better than etomidate during ECT. Therefore, propofol may be more suitable than etomidate for ECT treatments
  3. In emergency settings, etomidate was one of the most frequently used sedative hypnotic agents, however propofol is now usually the drug of choice due to its significantly better properties. It is used for conscious sedation and as a part of a rapid sequence induction to induce anaesthesia

Propofol has been reported to minimize this response in healthy patients and in asthma patients, but may be unsuitable for hemodynamically unstable patients for whom etomidate may be preferable. The current study examined respiratory resistance after tracheal intubation after induction with either thiopental, etomidate, or propofol Propofol is one of the most commonly used intravenous anesthesia drugs clinically, the pharmacokinetic characteristics makes it very suitable for total intravenous anesthesia( TIVA), etomidate belongs to intravenous anesthesia with propofol, is a derivative of the imidazoles, its calm performance is strong, work quickly, no obvious respiratory depression, had little effects on the. Background:Propofol may result in hypotension and respiratory depression, while etomidate is considered to be a safe induction agent for haemodynamically unstable patients because of its low risk of hypotension. We hypothesized that etomidate anesthesia during ERCP caused more stable haemodynamic responses compared with propofol I've seen docs moving from etomidate to Propofol locally and I'm hearing nursing push back about etomidate because etomidate is actually an induction agent and not a sedative. I don't really agree with that because I think that Propofol could be said to be the same thing and all the studies done before Propofol became the new darling showed that etomidate was safe in the ED as well.

MENG et1516 al: ETOMIDATE AND PROPOFOL USE IN ELDERLY GASTROSCOPY is its marked depression on cardiovascular and respiratory parameters, particularly in elderly patients (9‑10). The distinct pharmacological characteristics of etomidate include improved hemodynamic stability and minimal respiratory depression (11). This results in a wider margin of safety for patients with significant risk. Propofol (propofol 1%) has a smooth and rapid induction, rapid recovery, cerebro-protective effect but it causes hypotension, bradycardia, respiratory depression pain on injection.Etomidate is a hypnotic agent causing minimal histamine release and very stable hemodynamic profile. In the present study, investigators evaluated the induction characteristics and side effect profile of this newer. Five minutes after induction, the blood pressure returned to baseline in the etomidate group, while it remained below baseline in the propofol group. Propofol caused a significant decrease in heart rate. Significantly more patients needed artificial ventilation after propofol administration because of apnoea When you compare propofol and etomidate, you find that propofol blocks the laryngeal reflexes better than etomidate - therefore, the laryngeal mask airway is better used in propofol than in etomidate anaesthesia but the laryngeal defence in the latter may be of importance for preventing aspiration

  1. Etomidate showed better sedative efficacy and fewer respiratory depression events than propofol during upper endoscopy procedures in a double-blind randomized controlled trial.However, myoclonus.
  2. found by this treatment that etomidate, but not propofol, prolonged QT, in theory imcreasing the risk of sudden cardiac death (in practice, this has not been described). Wang et al. [ 296 ] conducted an investigation of the effects of etomidate and propofol during ECT on adrenocortical function. 40 patients received either etomidate or propofol every 2 days for 6 times
  3. Etomidat-Lipuro ist eine galenische Zubereitung, in der das fettlösliche Etomidat in einer Emulsion aus Sojabohnenöl, mittelkettigen Triglyceriden und Eilecithin ohne Verwendung eines Lösungsmittels vorliegt. Etomidat-Lipuro zeichnet sich durch bessere lokale Verträglichkeit aus, als unter der wässrigen Formulierung beobachtet wurde
  4. Propofol ist ein Arzneistoff aus der Gruppe der Narkotika, der aufgrund seines raschen Wirkungseintritts und seiner kurzen Plasmahalbwertszeit und relativ geringen Kumulation als gut steuerbar gilt. In den handelsüblichen Präparaten ist Propofol in einer milchig-weißen Emulsion gelöst. Es wirkt als allosterischer Modulator an pentameren Ionenkanälen wie GABA A-Rezeptoren und nikotinischen.

Etomidat-Lipuro ist ein Narkosemittel (Allgemeinanästhetikum). Etomidat-Lipuro wird zur Einleitung einer Narkose angewendet. Zur Kurznarkose ist es nur in Verbindung mit einem Analgetikum (einem Mittel zur Schmerzausschaltung) zu verwenden In etomidate and propofol group DBP returned to pre-induction (base line value) at 10 minute , This is supported by A Gauss (1991) noticed the change in SBP by 1 mm Hg, DBP by 1 mmHg with Etomidate lipuro and SBP decreased by 13 mmHg, DBP by 4 mmHg in Propofol group [12]. In our study mean MAP pre-Induction was the baseline value In etomidate group, Post -induction and after intubation, MAP. Like propofol, etomidate interacts with GABA A receptors in a stereoselective manner. 85 Its enhancement of GABA-mediated current is smaller on receptors containing the β 1 subunit. 86 Of all the clinically used intravenous anesthetics, etomidate exhibits the greatest selectivity for GABA A receptors and has the fewest relevant interactions with other ion channels (see Table 10.1). Following. 1 ml Emulsion zur Injektion/Infusion enthält: 10 mg Propofolum. Brechampulle à 20 ml enthält 200 mg Propofolum. Durchstechflasche à 20 ml enthält 200 mg Propofolum. Infusionsflasche à 50 ml enthält 500 mg Propofolum Chemicals For Research & Pharma Industry. In Stock. 24hr Delivery. Low Price

advocated as an alternative. This prospective, randomised, single-blind, crossover study was conducted to compare the effects of etomidate (Etomidate-®Lipuro, B. Braun Ltd, Melsungen, Germany) and propofol (Diprivan®, AstraZeneca, UK) on seizure duration as well as haemodynamic parameters in patients undergoing ECT Etomidate formulated in a medium chain lipid emulsion causes significant less discomfort for the patients than propofol, which is solved in a long chain formulation. Myocloni, however, occur significantly more frequently after etomidate than after propofol. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access For cells treated with anaesthetic, propofol (Sigma‐Aldrich Co., St Louis, MO, USA) or etomidate (Hospira, Inc., Lake Forest, IL, USA) was introduced into the bath 25 s prior to stimulation and was present throughout the recording. This was done in order to maximize anaesthetic exposure time Sedation with propofol alone during gastroscopy has many side effects. Etomidate has advantages in terms of circulation and respiration compared to propofol. We hypothesized that etomidate plus propofol during gastroscopy would be more safe and effective than propofol alone

The incidence of etomidate-induced myoclonus was 17.5%. Conclusion: Compared with propofol infusion, etomidate infusion during anesthesia induction had fewer effects on the hemodynamic profile of patients. Among patients who received etomidate, the BIS value was lower at LOC, and more patients displayed spontaneous breathing and corneal reflex Propofol and etomidate were the preferred agents. We found that there were relatively few complications (10%), with only 2 of these (2%) being major complications. All complications were brief and did not adversely affect patient outcomes. This data further demonstrate the safety profile of deep sedation medications in the hands of emergency physicians trained in sedation and advanced airway.

Although a growing body of evidence demonstrates that propofol-induced deep sedation can be effective and performed safely, cardiopulmonary adverse events have been observed frequently. Etomidate is a new emerging drug that provides hemodynamic and respiratory stability, even in high-risk patient groups Comparison of etomidate and propofol for fibreoptic intubation as part of an airway management algorithm: a prospective, randomized, double-blind study - Volume 22 Issue 10 - J. Schaeuble, T. Heidegger, H. J. Gerig, B. Ulrich, T. W. Schnide

Soja ist in Propofol und Etomidat Interessant sind mehrere Dinge. Zum einen die Sojaemulsion: Es ist genau wie Propofol auch gelöst - jedoch steht im Beipackzettel nichts von einer Kontraindikation Sojaallergie. Verrückt - wie kann das sein Weiterhin hindert Propofol auch das Rückenmark an der Weiterleitung von Signalen. Propofol wird als Narkosemittel (Anästhetikum) direkt in eine Vene verabreicht (intravenös) und daher als Injektionsanästhetikum bezeichnet. Weitere Injektionsanästhetika sind beispielsweise Barbiturate, Etomidat und Ketamin

Video: Differential Effects of Etomidate, Propofol, and Midazolam

Nachteilig ist allerdings das im Vergleich zu Propofol geringfügig häufigere Auftreten von postoperativer Übelkeit und Erbrechen , wenn Etomidat zur Narkoseeinleitung verwendet wurde, ganz unabhängig davon, ob die Narkose als Propofol-TIVA oder mit Inhalationsanästhetika fortgeführt wird Etomidate improves hemodynamic stability, as compared with propofol. A decrease in BP >30% from the baseline occurred in 62 patients across all groups ().There was a decrease in SBP from the baseline in all patients at T1, and there was a significant difference in the incidence of hypotension in group P, as compared with the other three groups (88%; P<0.05; Fig. 3) A lower rate of propofol infusion can also reduce the total propofol dose required for LOC. 13 Etomidate is a candidate agent for induction of anesthesia. 13 An outstanding property of etomidate is maintenance of hemodynamic stability compared with effects of propofol. 2, 7, 13 - 15 In our study, we delivered both agents by infusion The concomitant use of propofol and fentanyl caused greater reductions in blood pressure, while it showed to be beneficial with etomidate. [15] [16][17][18] When compared with midazolam, one study. Propofol doesn't skip a beat This was a double-blinded RCT including 80 patients with Brugada syndrome who were scheduled to undergo anesthesia. They were randomized to either etomidate .3mg/kg or propofol 2-3mg/kg for induction, with a primary endpoint of change in the ST segment, QRS interval, or arrhythmia upon induction. There was no.

Propofol 2% (20 mg/1 ml) Fresenius gehört zur Arzneimittelgruppe der sogenannten Allgemeinanästhetika. Allgemeinanästhetika werden angewendet, um Bewusstlosigkeit (Schlaf) herbeizuführen, damit Operationen oder andere Eingriffe durchgeführt werden können Propofol verursacht in diesem Fall verheerende Nebenwirkungen. Nicht nur die Blutdruckwerte fallen, sondern auch die Atmung kann aussetzen und das führt schnell bis ins Koma oder zum Tod durch Herzstillstand. Allerdings sind auch die übrigen Nebenwirkungen der Arznei nicht zu verachten. Propofol sorgt nicht nur für intensive Träume. Es kann genauso Schmerzen und Venenentzündungen. 8, -~ , propofol For slatisti4 significance, see text etomidate up to the point of tracheal intubation. In con- trast. arterial pressure decreased significantly after propofol and just prior to intubation was highly significantly lower than control valucs, and compared with thiopcntonc etomidate (p < 0.01 in each case) Unlike thiopental, propofol, midazolam and, to a lesser extent, ketamine, etomidate has minimal respiratory or cardiovascular effects and can be safely used in patients with hemodynamic instability or cardiac ischemia. Etomidate is cerebroprotective, with the ability to decrease intracranial pressure and maintain cerebral perfusion, making it an ideal agent for patients with head injuries. Of. Etomidate is a non-barbituate, benzylimidazole general anesthetic agent. By far the most common use for etomidate in ICU patients is as an induction agent during rapid sequence intubation

Objectives: Effects of propofol and etomidate induction on hemodynamic and endocrine stress response in patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery were investigated. Propofol and Etomidate. STUDY. PLAY. What is the pka of propofol? 11.03. What preservative of propofol might some patients be allergic to? What might we give instead of generic propofol? sodium metabisulfite is in generic propofol and cause symptoms in those with sulfite allergy. Give diprivan instead (disodium edetate) What effect does propofol have on GabaA receptors? decreases rate of. Propofol (Disoprivan) ist des Anästhesisten liebstes Kind Narkotisch, leicht antiemetisch, schnellwirksam, gut steuerbar, relativ kurze Wirkhalbwertszeit, wenig Histaminliberation, als Paravasat harmlos, bei maligner Hyperthermie ist es verwendbar gut, es kann bei der Injektion schmerzen und gelegentlich ist die Vasodilatation etwas stärker als gedacht Propofol and Etomidate have emerged as the preferred induction agents. [14, 15] Propofol has a fast and smooth induction with reduced chance of emesis. [16,17] Propofol leads to haemodynamic instablity as it decreases systemic vascular resistance causing hypotension. I It also leads to respiratory depression and pain on injection. [18,19

Etomidat- Lipuro 2mg/ml Emulsion zur Injektion: Wirkung

Etomidate is a carboxylated imidazole‐containing compound, which is chemically unrelated to any other drugs used for intravenous (IV) induction of anaesthesia. The anaesthetic effect consists of hypnosis, amnesia, and inhibition of nociceptive responses Etomidate suppresses adrenocortical function, particularly during continuous administration, and it should not be used for maintenance of anaesthesia. It should be used with caution in patients with underlying adrenal insufficiency, for example, those with sepsis

Etomidate-Lipuro is a milky-white emulsion of oil in water. It comes in colourless glass ampoules containing 10 ml of sterile emulsion. It is available in packs of 10 ampoules. Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer B. Braun Melsungen AG Carl-Braun-Strasse 1 34212 Melsungen, Germany Tel.: +49-5661-71- Fax: +49-5661-71-4567 Postal address: 34209 Melsungen, Germany This medicinal. Learn about drug interactions between etomidate iv and propofol iv and use the RxList drug interaction checker to check drug combinations Etomidate is a general anesthetic without analgesic activity. Intravenous injection of Etomidate produces anesthesia characterized by a rapid onset of action, usually within one minute. Duration of anesthesia is dose dependent but relatively brief, usually three to five minutes when an average dose of 0.3 mg/kg is employed. Immediate recovery from anesthesia (as assessed by awakening time. Propofol and etomidate are two different intravenous anesthetics, which have different effects on circulatory inhibition and cardiovascular function [1,2,3].These differences are especially important in elderly or critically ill patients, or patients with cardiovascular diseases [1, 4], and the mechanisms of these different effects on circulation have attracted the attention of a great many.

So, Feb 2018 Propofol Thiopentone Ketamine Etomidate Midazolam s Structure and class1,4 2,6-diisopropylphenol (a phenol derivative) Thiobarbiturate Phencyclidine derivative Carboxylated imidazole derivative Imidazobenzodiazepine Distinguishing pharmaceutic features 1% propofol emulsion with: 10% soybean oil 2.25% glycerol 1.2% purified egg phosphatide Sodium hydroxide Neutral pH 7.4 Yellow. Etomidate- ® Lipuro 2 mg/ml is indicated for the induction of general anaesthesia in adults, infants and toddlers older than 6 months, children and adolescents Etomidate increases the amplitude of somatosensory evoked potentials making it use beneficial for ECT. Postoperative nausea and vomiting is more common with Etomidate than with propofol or barbiturate induction but appears to have the same frequency as general anesthesia. Etomidate lacks analgesic properties

Anesthetic Induction with Etomidate, Rather than Propofol

The procedures were successful in 93 of 105 (88.6%) for etomidate and 106 of 109 (97.2%) for propofol (difference -7.4%; 95% CI -14.3% to -1.1%). Conclusion: Etomidate and propofol appear equally safe for ED procedural sedation; however, etomidate had a lower rate of procedural success and induced myoclonus in 20% of patients mit Propofol, Etomidate, Ketamin, Methohexital und Midazolam Katja Büker . 1 Aus der Klinik für Anästhesiologie der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München Vorstand: Professor Dr. Dr. med. h. c. Klaus Peter Intraoperative Wachheit, postoperative Erinnerung und Erholung nach gynäkologischen, tageschirurgischen Kurzeingriffen unter Narkose mit Propofol, Etomidate, Ketamin, Methohexital und. Es wird immer die Kombination mit einem Hypnotikum wie Midazolam, Propofol oder Etomidate praktiziert.Propofol erwies sich als am besten geeignet für die Durchführung von tageschirurgischen Kurznarkosen. Die Frauen hatten durchschnittlich 261 mg Propofol als Gesamtdosis erhalten. Intraoperative Wachheit kamen selten vor Propofol, Etomidate, Ketamine. STUDY. PLAY. Can you have propofol of you are allergic to eggs? Yes. What are the properties of propofol? Control stress response by decreasing blood pressure and HR. Anti-convulsive properties Amnesia properties. If you have a patient that is tachy and hypertensive POST-OP would propofol be okay to use? Yes because it blunts the effects. Describe the elimination.

Pro und Contra einer Sedierung mit Etomidate Blog des

Propofol is associated with a high incidence of injection pain in children, even if given together with lidocaine. A new lipid formulation of etomidate (Etomidate-®Lipuro) has been found in adults to cause very little discomfort during i.v. injection. The aim of the present prospective, double-blind, randomized trial was to compare the incidence of injection pain during i.v. induction of. In both groups, before the study drug (either etomidate or propofol) was administered, one 100 g fentanyl buccal tablet was given for the prevention of myoclonus as an adverse event of study drug administration. In the etomidate group, an initial bolus of 0.05 mg/kg (0.025 mL/kg) etomidate (Etomidate Lipuro, 20 mg/10 mL/Ampoule, B.Braun Korea, Seoul, Korea) was administered. In the propofol. Propofol-remifentanil Etomidate-remifentanil (n = 25) (n = 25) Gender (male/female) 19/6 19/6 Age (years) Mean ± SD 55.6 ± 10.4 59.6 ± 11.6 Range 39 - 85 26 - 84 Weight (kg) Mean ± SD 74.5 ± 10.7 77.1 ± 11.9 Range 55 - 99 60 - 105 Smoking status (yes/no) 18/7 16/9 TABLE 1: Demographic characteristics of patients undergoing laryngeal mask airway (LMA) insertion prior to.

Fachinformation Propofol-ratiopharm MCT 10 mg/ml Emulsion

  1. Etomidate and propofol equally safe. Drug given at choice of treating physician. Comment(s) Alternative drugs for procedural sedation have been proposed for some time. Propofol has been compared favourably to midazolam although several other drugs have been proposed. Etomidate has been shown to have similar efficacy to both propofol and midazolam at providing procedural sedation. Etomidate.
  2. Patients received either propofol or etomidate. Doses, vital signs, nasal end-tidal CO2 (ETCO2), pulse oximetry, and bispectral electroencephalogram analysis scores were recorded. Subclinical respiratory depression was defined as a change in ETCO2 greater than 10 mm Hg, an oxygen saturation of less than 92% at any time, or an absent ETCO2 waveform at any time. Clinical events related to.
  3. longer after etomidate than methohexital or propofol. Etomidate, 0.15-0.3 mg/kg, has
  4. e combination may be recommended as an effective and safe induction agent for attenuating hemodynamic responses to laryngoscopy and intubation, with superior hemodynamic stability compared to etomidate and combination of thiopental-keta
  5. istered by, or under the direct supervision of, personnel experienced in its use, with adequate training in anaesthesia and airway management, and when resuscitation equipment is available. Cautions. Acute circulatory failure (shock); adrenal insufficiency; Avoid in Acute porphyrias; cardiovascular disease; fixed cardiac output; hypovolaemia. Cautions, further.
  6. e; 2.2 - Inhaled anesthetics- dantrolene; 2.3 - Opiates- naloxone- naltrexone; Chapter 27 Neuro:Psych: 3- Antidepressants and Anxiolytics. 3.1 - SSRIs- SNRIs- cyproheptadine; 3.2 - Tricyclic antidepressants; 3.3 - MAO inhibitors; 3.4 - Bupropion- mirtazapine- trazodon
  7. Hence, Propofol and Etomidate are preferred for induction in these patients. However, these two drugs have different characteristics. Etomidate is preferred for patients with poor left ventricular (LV) function as it provides stable cardiovascular profile. But there are concerns about reduction in adrenal suppression and serum cortisol levels. Propofol, on the other hand may cause a reduction.

Etomidate versus propofol for electroconvulsive therapy in

Background: Etomidate is the standard induction agent used during rapid sequence intubation (RSI) in the emergency department (ED). Etomidate shortages require providers to utilize alternative agents. The purpose of this study is to compare the safety and procedural outcomes of propofol and etomidate for RSI in the ED Etomidate and propofol have clearly distinguishable effects on the central nervous system. However, studies in knock-in mice provided evidence that these agents produce anesthesia via largely overlapping molecular targets, namely GABA(A) receptors containing beta3 subunits. Here the authors address the question as to whether etomidate and propofol are targeting different subpopulations of. Conclusion: Using an admixture of etomidate and propofol as the induction agent reduced the incidence of side effects observed with use of either drug alone such as pain upon injection, myoclonus and haemodynamic instability The hemodynamic effects of propofol were initially considered to be caused by direct myocardial depression and decreased SVR caused by arterial, venous dilation and smooth muscle relaxation Etomidate provides more stable hemodynamic parameters when used for induction of anesthesia as compared to propofol

Unlike propofol, etomidate is water soluble (still painful on injection from propylene glycol vehicle), but like propofol, it is lipid soluble, works quickly, and is rapidly redistributed into tissue compartments. Metabolism: Hepatic metabolism, renal excretion Dose: 0.2-0.3 mg/kg IV Other: Can cause post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) KETAMINE. Ketamine (Image: Wikipedia) In comparison. Phase II, both etomidate and propofol were available options however only , etomidate safety and procedural outcomes data was reviewed from September 1, 2012 through December 31 2012 as product availability returned to adequate , levels. Data collection was processed collected through an extensive chart review of all patients who received a single dose of either etomidate or propofol prior to. Propofol (2,6‐di‐isoprophylphenol) is a commonly used intravenous anaesthetic that owes its widespread acceptance to a rapid onset of action and short half‐life [ 1 ]

Haemodynamic profiles of etomidate vs propofol for

A significantly lower incidence of injection pain was found in the Etomidate-®Lipuro group as compared with the propofol-lidocaine group (5.0% vs 47.5%, P <0.001). The use of etomidate was associated with a significantly higher incidence of myoclonic activity compared with propofol-lidocaine (85.0% vs 15%, P <0.001) Patients in etomidate group showed little change in mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) compared to propofol (p > 0.05) from baseline value. Pain on injection was more in propofol group while myoclonus activity was higher in etomidate group Etomidate has advantages in terms of circulation and respiration compared to propofol. We hypothesized that etomidate plus propofol during gastroscopy would be more safe and effective than propofol alone. METHODS: Four hundred (n = 400) patients were randomly divided into a propofol group (P group) and a etomidate plus propofol group (EP group.

Effects of propofol or etomidate on QT interval during

Twenty adult mongrel dogs were randomly allotted to: propofol group (GP) or etomidate group (GE). In GP animals, the propofol was used for induction (10mg/kg), followed by immediate continuous infusion of the drug (0.6mg/kg/min) and controlled ventilation CONCLUSIONS:Propofol caused a 34% greater reduction in MAP-time integral from baseline after induction of anaesthesia than etomidate, despite more frequent use of vasopressors with propofol, confirming the superior haemodynamic profile of etomidate in this context. The proportion of patients receiving vasopressors increased slightly, albeit not significantly, in both groups in the blinded.

Nursing Pharmacology - Anaesthetics - drdhritiIntravenous induction agents ppt001Rapid sequence intubationAnesthesia in Electroconvulsive Therapy and Alternatives

Safety and efficacy of etomidate and propofol anesthesia in elderly patients undergoing gastroscopy: A double-blind randomized clinical study. Qing Tao Meng, Chen Cao, Hui Min Liu, Zhong Yuan Xia, Wei Li, Ling Hua Tang, Rong Chen, Meng Jiang, Yang Wu, Yan Leng, Chris C. Lee. Anesthesiology ; Research output: Contribution to journal › Article. 10 Scopus citations. Abstract. propofol and etomidate on main pulmonary artery reac-tivity of chronically hypoxic (CH) rats, a model of PAHT, versus normoxic rat and human isolated pulmonary arter-ies. Since chronic hypoxia has differential effects on the systemic versus the pulmonary vasculature, we compared the results obtained in rat pulmonary artery with those obtained in systemic thoracic vasculature, i. e., thoracic. Der Wirkstoff Propofol wird vor allem zur Narkoseeinleitung oder zur Sedierung bei diagnostischen und chirurgischen Eingriffen angewendet. Zudem kommt Propofol in der Intensivtherapie zur Sedierung von beatmeten Patienten zum Einsatz Comparison of etomidate and propofol sedation in obese under gastroscope 2841 Int J Clin Exp Med 2018;11(3):2839-2846 technique. Assignment to the groups was deter - mined by choosing the ordered number con-taining the labels propofol or etomidate which come from computer. Patients, endoscopists, and postoperative observers were blind to the group allocation (Figure 1). Pre-procedure. Etomidate and propofol played an important role in the sedation of patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare their efficacy and safety. Materials and Methods: PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases were systematically searched. Randomized controlled trials assessing the effect of etomidate versus. Das zur Einleitung und Aufrechterhaltung der Narkose eingeführte i.v.-Hypnotikum Propofol (DISOPRIVAN) besitzt keine Strukturverwandtschaften mit bewährten Mitteln wie Thiopental (TRAPANAL u.a.). Weil es als Phenolderivat in Wasser nahezu unlöslich ist, wird Propofol in einer Emulsion aus Sojaöl und Eiphosphatid angeboten

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